This memo describes the battery model in eTransport.
This memo describes the battery model in eTransport.
This report on the pilot projects of the Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities (ZEN Centre) will give the reader an overview of eight pilot projects of the Centre, focusing on the challenges to develop or transform the pilot areas into Zero Emission Neighbourhoods.
In order to evaluate different technical solutions for zero emission neighbourhoods, IDA ICE models of single-family houses representative for the Norwegian building stock has been developed. This memo describes the procedure for how they have been modelled.
4th generation district heating is evaluated as a sustainable solution for covering the heating demand in Zero Emission Neighbourhoods and reducing the strain on the electricity grid. There are, however, some technical challenges that must be solved before it is introduced.
eTransport is a linear optimization tool for evaluating energy supply alternatives for building areas. This report describes an improved, more realistic district heating (DH) module that has been developed for eTransport.
This report is a state-of-the-art analysis for nearly zero energy buildings in Norway.
Målsettingen med innovasjonsstrategien for ZEN er å styrke og synliggjøre innovasjonsgraden i ZEN. Innovasjon er en kritisk suksessfaktor for ZEN og innovasjonsstrategien skal bidra til å bedre måloppnåelse for ZEN.
This document outlines the definition, key performance indicators (KPI) and assessment criteria for the Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities (ZEN research centre). This first version of the ZEN definition includes contributions from the ZEN partners.
The communication work at the Research Centre on Zero Emission Neighbourhoods in Smart Cities will help the Centre achieve its mission: Enabling the transition to a low carbon society by developing sustainable neighbourhoods with zero greenhouse gas emissions.
This report describes existing software tools for analysing the operation and expansion of local energy systems. It also provides a brief description of the eTransport model and other alternative models found in the literature or used by partners in the ZEN Research Centre.
This memo details considerations and requirements for data management as well as the data view on monitoring within the ZEN Research Centre.
This memo provides an initial overview of issues related to the coordination of the use of ICT-tools in the ZEN Research Centre.
To develop zero emission neighbourhoods in smart cities, knowledge is needed in a number of areas. This pilot survey describes the initial plans for the ZEN pilot areas regarding thermal and electrical use, generation, distribution and storage.
The increased use of electric vehicles calls for new and innovative solutions for the charging infrastructure. At the same time, it is desirable to improve the energy flexibility of neighbourhoods. This report presents the state-of-the-art of smart electric vehicles charging systems, with focus on Norway.
This memo presents guidelines on a method of how to implement aggregated load when doing an energy system analysis and cost optimality in the early design of zero emission neighbourhoods.
This memo summarizes promising possibilities for the further development of eTransport, of which some are included in the ZEN work plan 2018-2019. Among other things, the described developments deal with technologies within the energy supply chains for electricity and heat, with the representation of end-users, and with the representation of fluctuations in the availability of local energy sources.
This report shows that personal climatization devices significantly improve thermal comfort for the users and bear energy saving potential.
This report reviews the state-of-the-art on thermal energy systems for neighbourhoods. Its main focus is on technologies related to 4th generation district heating (4GDH), biomass combined heat and power (CHP) systems, ground source heat pumps (GSHP) and seasonal heat storage.
How should sustainable neighbourhoods be designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions towards zero? What kind of information do decision makers need to make solid future plans on the neighbourhood level?
A dynamic building stock model has been developed for energy- and GHG-emission scenario analyses of neighbourhoods. The model is generic and flexible and can be used to model any neighbourhood where building stock data is available.
This report presents a plan for the European power market studies to be carried out within the ZEN Research Centre.
This report presents a set of guidelines to assist building designers in a methodological approach to the analysis of energy systems in the early design phase of zero emission buildings. The guidelines are meant to accompany the use of a ZEB supporting tool, guiding through the necessary steps to evaluate the performance and adapt the dimensioning of different systems to the case at hand.
Based on discussions with the ZEB partners, three possible solutions have been investigated for the energy system of Zero Village Bergen:
ZEN pilot project Zero Village Bergen. ©Bergen Municipality